15 Desember 2017

Pangkalan Udara Sendayan Beroperasi Mulai Januari 2018

15 Desemebr 2017

Pangkalan Sendayan, Negeri Sembilan (image : GoogleMaps)

KUALA LUMPUR - Pangkalan Udara Sendayan yang baharu bakal memulakan operasinya secara berperingkat mulai Januari 2018.

Panglima Tentera Udara, Jeneral Tan Sri Affendi Buang berkata, pihaknya yakin Pangkalan Udara Sendayan yang kini dalam fasa terakhir pembinaannya akan beroperasi sepenuhnya pada tahun depan.

“Perpindahan operasi akan dilakukan secara berperingkat mengikut unit dan anggota di setiap pangkalan sedia ada,” katanya dalam sidang akhbar selepas menyampaikan Anugerah Kecemerlangan TUDM 2017 di Pangkalan Udara Subang dekat sini hari ini. 

Tambah beliau, pengoperasian Pangkalan Udara Sendayan itu nanti diharap dapat meningkatkan lagi keupayaan TUDM serta memberi keselesaan tempat kerja termasuklah alat kelengkapan baharu bagi melicinkan lagi tugas-tugas TUDM


KAPLAN MT Poised to Become Force Multiplier for Indonesia

15 Desember 2017

Medium Tank Kaplan MT (photo : Dixie, all images : MilScint)

KAPLAN MT to Take Over the Flag

Taking into account all of the above, experts believe that the need for medium-class tanks that bridge the gap between light tanks and MBTs is increasing rather than diminishing under today’s conditions. Currently under development by FNSS and Indonesian company PT Pindad, the KAPLAN MT Medium-Weight Tank is being showcased as the most viable response to this need of the modern battlefield, and its technical properties are meeting expectations.

Body: The tank weighs approximately 35 tons, and its power to weight ratio of 20 HP/ton, as the main factor determining a vehicle’s movement capability, is sufficient for a vehicle in its category.

KAPLAN MT’s double pin tracks is now a standard feature in modern tracked vehicles in this weight category. It is stated that the vehicle has a powerful cooling system equipped with a special software, which ensures that part of the heat generated by the engine of the vehicle can be dissipated. The vehicle has a torsion bar style suspension system. Considering the tropical climate of Southeast Asia, this vehicle will be one step ahead of those designed for more general climatic conditions in terms of performance. The reason for this is that diesel or turbine engines in modern armoured vehicles are machines that convert the heat energy to movement , and these engines generate maximum output when operating at a specific temperature range. When the internal temperature of the engine goes over a certain level, its output falls and the engine may suffer damage. Cooling systems ensure that excess heat within the engine is removed, meaning that an effective cooling system will make a significant difference when air temperatures are high and it is more difficult to remove the heat from engine. In the light of this, it would be fair to say that the KAPLAN MT will ensure effective engine performance even in geographical areas with different operational environments, as can be found across Turkey.

This feature has the added advantage of reducing the heat signature of the vehicle, allowing it to hide from infrared surveillance. The reduction of the infrared signature is probably the most important factor for survival in armoured warfare, which is governed by the principle “see first, shoot first”. The importance of spotting the enemy without being noticed was observed during the Gulf War in 1993, when US M1 Abrams tanks equipped with thermal imagers, two generations more advanced than those fitted on Iraqi T-72s, were able to fire at their enemies from much farther distances in Iraq’s dusty climate. The US tanks were able to destroy a large number of enemy tanks in a short period, while suffering almost no loss.

Even while conducting a surveillance mission, tanks need to run their main or auxiliary engines for a certain period to generate electricity. The heat energy generated by the engines remains on the tank for a certain period, and slowly propagates through radiation particularly in the infrared wavelengths, and thermal imagers are able to detect this radiation. Thermal imaging systems are used on modern tanks not only for the detection of targets at night, but also in daylight, depending on conditions. Mostly made of metal, armoured vehicles tend to heat up and cool down at different rates to the surrounding environment, which leaves them vulnerable to detection by thermal monitors, even during daylight. It is, for instance, quite difficult to detect camouflage from a long distance using optical systems when there is a background of forestry, but if a thermal imager is used, the temperature difference between the tank and the background will create a significant contrast in the image.

Medium-weight class tanks, which have a lower armour protection level and so a lower primary defence, need to conceal better than MBTs, and so the importance of an effective cooling system is clearly apparent. The faster the heat generated by the tank engine is removed from the tank, the harder it will be to detect it using thermal imagers.

Airbus A-400M (photo : Airbus Defence)

The bottom of the vehicle’s body has been designed to resist landmines, which is an unavoidable requirement of today’s asymmetrical warfare conditions, and this also offers protection against mines of the Area Denial Artillery Munition (ADAM) type with area effect that are in the inventory of some countries in Southeast Asia and can be shot by howitzers.

The heaviest cargo plane in the inventory of the Indonesian Air Force is currently the C-130, which with an approximate payload capacity of 20 tons is insufficient for the transport of the 35-ton KAPLAN MT, and so it is no surprise that Indonesia plans to purchase the A400M, which are already in the inventory of the Turkish Air Forces, as can be seen in Table 2.

Another unique feature of the KAPLAN MT is that it was designed as a tank in the design phase, in that its modern competitors in other countries were initially designed as armoured combat vehicles (ACV), but were eventually equipped with armour kits and heavier weapon systems later. The CV-90120 T light tank, developed on the CV-90 APC platform, or the Marder light tank manufactured, which is based on the Marder APC, can be cited as examples of such platforms. The main point here is that a vehicle with a design weight ranging between 20 to 25 tons supporting a load between 30 and 35 tons. Undoubtedly designers take the necessary actions to ensure the vehicle meets the necessary requirements, but we can say with some comfort that a vehicle that has been designed as a tank from the very beginning will be much more coherent and balanced.

Turret: The Cockerill 3105 turret built by Belgian CMI Defence, the heaviest member of Cockerill 3000 family, has been selected by the Indonesian Land Forces for mounting on the vehicle, integrated with a 105 mm rifled gun capable of firing standard NATO ammunition as its main weapon system. The gun is also able to fire Falarick 105 missiles designed by CMI Defence. Falarick is a kind of Gun-Launched Anti-Tank Guided Missile (GLATGM), and the manufacturer claims that this laser-guided missile with a tandem warhead is capable of penetrating 550 mm steel armour with additional explosive reactive armour (ERA) from a distance of 5,000 meters. The secondary weapon is a 7.62 mm machine gun for close quarters defence.

As it is fully stabilised, the turret can fire effectively when the vehicle is on the move. The turret is also equipped with day/night imaging systems and a fire control computer as standard. The commander will have his own monitoring periscope, independent of the gunner, and so while the gunner is firing at a target, the commander can be searching for the next target, saving time for the gunner. This makes the vehicle ideal for hunter-killer type missions, and allows the commander and the gunner to monitor different directions at the same time.

Reloading of the main weapon will be performed by an auto-loader located behind the turret, which has brought several advantages. Moving the auto-loader behind the turret has allowed the turret height to be slightly lowered and has resulted in a significant reduction in turret size, in that personnel in the turret can be reduced from three to two. Because auto-loaders don’t need any ergonomic spaces around them. As a result, both the weight of the turret and the tank silhouette has been reduced and lowered. This brings to mind an old saying: “Space under the armour is equal to weight”.

Developed by CMI Defence, the Falarick guided anti-tank missile can be fired from KAPLAN MT’s 105 mm main weapon. The company claims that the missile can pierce 550 mm tank armour clad with explosive reactive armour, fired from a distance of 5 kilometres. (photo : CMI)

The turret’s exceptional elevation angle is one of the most noteworthy features of the weapon system. The maximum elevation angle in this kind of weapon systems is generally around +20 degrees, whereas the Cockerill 3105 system boasts an elevation angle of +42 degrees. This is an important factor, and if evaluated together with the geographic features of the terrain of Indonesia, it acquires a different meaning (See box entitled “Why KAPLAN MT?). CMI Defence officers say that the system is capable of firing indirectly up to 10 km thanks to this elevation angle, meaning that the vehicle can also be used as a light-artillery system when necessary, although being a medium-weight tank. It is obvious that the artillery units accompanying tanks should be mounted on armoured and tracked chassis like tanks, due to the nature of mechanised warfare. Considering Indonesia possesses fewer self-propelled howitzers than tanks, it can be assumed that they want to assign a dual role to KAPLAN MT. It would, however, not be inaccurate to say that a weapon system manufactured as a tank should assume the functions of an artillery class vehicle only if this becomes unavoidably necessary.


It may be useful to analyse why Indonesia has opted this kind of combat platform.

Infrastructure: Firstly, it is known that the transportation infrastructure in the country has various problems that may obstruct an MBT from functioning to its best ability, which can be explained using a mathematical expression: “the ratio of logistical cost to gross domestic product”. This value goes some way to explaining the logistical costs, and thus the condition, of the infrastructure of a country. When this ratio is high, the transportation infrastructure in the country can be assumed to be costly and problematic. The average value for Asian countries is 15-20 percent, while this figure is 27 percent for Indonesia. Problems related to transportation infrastructure considerably restrict the strategic mobility of MBTs, which weigh over 60 tons. In short, you cannot drive a tank in your country if your bridges are weak. It is on this point that the advantage of medium-weight class tanks, which are lighter, emerges.

Economics/Logistics: These two titles should be analysed at the same together. The country has a large number of light tanks and wheeled armoured vehicles with different configurations. Putting MBTs aside, the barrels of those with the heaviest weapons is 90 mm, while the Leopard 2 A4 tanks that they own have a 120 mm main gun. Thus, the acquisition of a weapon system that uses 105 mm ammunition by an army that is equipped mostly with 90 and 120 mm weapon systems means a very costly initial burden and a significant change in the army’s logistical infrastructure. It, however, remains a fact that 105 mm ammunition is cheaper and more prevalent around the world than 120 mm ammunition. In addition to all these facts, 105 mm ammunition causes less collateral damage than 120 mm, and serves to lessen the number of unwanted casualties during firefights in residential areas.

In addition, Indonesia’s defence budget, which increased recently, should be mentioned. Indonesia’s annual defence budget rose from $4 billion to approximately $8.5 billion from 2009 to 2016. When its advantages and disadvantages are evaluated alongside the country’s economic condition, the selection of the 105 mm main weapon can be understood.

Geographical: Indonesia is a country in the tropical belt, where temperatures are considerably high, and for this reason, the vehicle will be equipped with an advanced cooling system. All internal combustion engines are thermodynamic machines that can function efficiently only within specific temperature ranges. Indonesia is a country of volcanic islands that are very mountainous, and the average inclination is quite high. The significance of the +42 elevation angle of the turret can be understood from this fact.

Medium Tank Kaplan MT (photo : Pindad)

In addition, Indonesia possesses thousands of islands, numbering somewhere in the region of 18,000, although the exact number differs depending on the source. The KAPLAN MT is not an amphibious platform, although it would be much easier to transport a medium tank weighing around 35 tons than an MBT weighing in at 65 tons or more.

KAPLAN MT Demonstrates Maturity and the Confidence Placed on it in Indonesia

After the unveiling of the prototype at IDEF 2017, the medium-weight tank KAPLAN MT developed by FNSS in collaboration with PT Pindad of Indonesia took part in a parade in the city of Cilegon, held on the occasion of Indonesia National Armed Forces Day on October 5, driven by the personnel of the Indonesian Armed Forces.

Nail Kurt, General Manager and CEO of FNSS, made the following comments about the presence of the KAPLAN MT at the parade: “The fact that the KAPLAN MT was displayed at a parade, while being driven by its operator, is the biggest indication of the maturity of the project and the confidence placed on it by the user. An unfortunate fire incident experienced by another newly-developed vehicle in another country is proof that [creating a new vehicle] is a very serious undertaking. Our product will be a highly effective solution in these times of asymmetric warfare. The KAPLAN MT meets all the requirements for easy and rapid deployment, high manoeuvrability, low visibility, high firepower and cost-effectiveness.”

The KAPLAN MT’s tests in Indonesia are continuing as part of the project.

Protection Levels Defined by NATO for Armoured Vehicles

The level of protection for armoured vehicles is defined in NATO STANAG 4569, and to meet these levels, the vehicle must be able to protect itself against kinetic energy ammunition, artillery ammunition and mine explosions to a certain level. Levels 4 and 5 shown in Table 1 can be outlined briefly under three different headings:

Medium Tank Kaplan MT (photo : Pindad)

– Protection against kinetic energy ammunition: To meet Level 4 standard, an armoured vehicle must protect the personnel aboard against armour-piercing shells fired by 14.5 mm heavy machine guns from all directions (360 degrees). For Level 5, the vehicle should also provide protection against armour-piercing shells fired from within a frontal 60-degree arc of the vehicle by 25 mm auto-cannons.

– Protection against artillery ammunition: The vehicle must protect its personnel against highly explosive 155 mm ammunition bursting in the air at a distance of 25 meters at Levels 4 and 5.

– Mine Protection: The document defines mine protection up to Level 4. For Level 4, the vehicle must protect its personnel against anti-tank mines weighing 10 kg when they explode underneath the tank.


The Medium-Weight Class Tank KAPLAN MT, manufactured jointly by FNSS and PT Pindad, will be the first vehicle to be exported in the tank class by the Turkish defence and aerospace industry. For FNSS, it will enhance its presence in the Asian market and will underline, once again, its status as a serious competitor. The vehicle is further proof that the Turkish defence and aerospace industry is not only striving to catch up with its competitors, but also to surpass them.

See full article MilScint

Raytheon to Deliver Unmatched Anti Air Warfare Defense Technology to Australian Navy

15 Desember 2017

Raytheon Cooperative Engagement Capability system (all images : DefenseIndustryDaily)

TEWKSBURY, Mass., – Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) has completed design, development and testing of its Cooperative Engagement Capability system, which will be certified by the U.S. Navy for the system’s first international installation. Onboard the Royal Australian Navy’s HMAS Hobart, CEC will expand the ship’s battlespace awareness by sharing sensor data among a network of other Australian and allied CEC-equipped ships and aircraft.

CEC is a real-time ‘sensor-netting’ system that brings together radar data into a single integrated air picture from geographically dispersed ships, aircraft and ground-based units. This integrated picture improves task force effectiveness by enabling longer range, cooperative, or layered engagements. Today’s CEC benefits from advancements in commercial and specialized technologies, as well as from the experience and expertise the Raytheon team has gained throughout more than 30 years as the U.S. Navy’s CEC Design Agent.

“The addition of CEC is a major building block for Australia in their defense against anti-air warfare threats in the Pacific Region,” said U.S. Navy Captain Jonathan Garcia, CEC major program manager, Program Executive Office Integrated Warfare Systems 6.0. “This delivery to Australia marks a significant first – expanding the CEC network globally and increasing the U.S. Navy interoperability with a valued, strategic ally.”

The equipment - certified hardware and software - will transfer to Australia for installation on HMAS Hobart (DDG-39), and NUSHIP Brisbane (DDG-41) over the coming months, followed by an extensive integration, test and evaluation period. Raytheon will actively support CEC system integration and testing, including scheduled sea trials, similar to support provided for the U.S. Navy fleet.

Enhancing the capabilities of U.S. forces, CEC is currently deployed on ships and land-based test sites, E-2C/D aircraft, and U.S. Marine Corps network systems. The system continues to evolve, advancing capability and affordability through developments in core technologies.


14 Desember 2017

Dua Unit Pesawat Tempur TNI Tertahan di Hawaii

14 Desember 2017

Pesawat tempur F16 hibah dari Amerika Serikat yang sudah tiba di duluan Lanud Iswahyudi, Madiun, kemarin. (photo : Jawa Pos)

jpnn.com, MAGETAN - TNI Angkatan Udara (AU) harus bersabar lagi untuk bisa menggenapi 24 unit pesawat tempur F-16 Fighting Falcon C/D program hibah Amerika Serikat (AS). Sebab, baru empat unit yang tiba di Lanud Iswahjudi, Maospati, Magetan, Jawa Timur.

Jumlah itu baru dari total di antara enam pesawat yang sedianya dikirim pada tahap akhir. Dua unit pesawat itu masih tertahan di Utah-Hickam Air Force Base (AFB), Hawaii.

''Sebenarnya ada enam pesawat yang dijadwalkan tiba hari ini (kemarin, Red). Tetapi, dua unit lainnya belum bisa diikutkan,'' kata Danlanud Iswahjudi Marsma TNI Samsul Rizal.

Samsul mengungkapkan, dua pesawat F-16 itu belum bisa tiba di tanah air lantaran mesinnya bermasalah. Namun, dia menyatakan tidak mengetahui detailnya.

Saat ini dua unit pesawat tempur itu diperbaiki. ''Kami juga sedang menunggu konfirmasi dan hasil evaluasi dari pihak di Hawaii terkait berapa lama perbaikannya,'' ujarnya.

Dia menuturkan, sebetulnya jadwal kedatangan terakhir pesawat F-16 itu Senin lalu (11/12).

Namun, jadwal itu molor hingga kemarin. Samsul menjelaskan, keterlambatan kedatangan empat pesawat F-16 yang diawaki penerbang AS tersebut terjadi bukan karena permasalahan engine seperti dua pesawat lainnya, melainkan faktor cuaca buruk.

''Mereka menempuh perjalanan selama dua hari, berangkat pada Minggu (10/12) dari AS,'' jelasnya.


Government Resolves Defence Cost Blowout

14 Desember 2017

RNZN Anzac class frigates (all photos : Naval Today)

Defence Minister Ron Mark has announced that a revised contract has been signed with Lockheed Martin Canada to deliver the installation phase of the Anzac Frigate Systems Upgrade (FSU) project.

The project, which had a budget of $491 million after contract signature in 2014, has experienced a cost overrun of $148 million, around 30 per cent of the budget. The revised project budget now sits at $639 million.

Mr Mark said that the FSU cost overrun was the largest example of procurement overspends under the previous Government yet identified.

“This Government has discovered a range of cost pressures and procurement overspends across several portfolios. This Defence project is the largest such example to date.

“This project is the biggest commitment of a series of mid-life upgrades on the frigates that have taken place since the mid-2000s, which have kept systems up to date with modern technology," he said.

“There has been a series of inaccurate estimates and project management errors by the Ministry of Defence, compounded by a failure to act by previous Ministers.

“The scale of this overrun is deeply disappointing, and I have made it clear to officials that under this Government, Defence procurement must and will be accurately costed, scoped and delivered on time and within budget. This is not good enough.

"While this Government has acted quickly on this issue, through making a fiscally neutral transfer within the Defence Budget allocation at no additional cost to taxpayers, the same cannot be said about the previous Government.

“After first becoming aware of this issue in September 2016, when additional costs were first estimated at between $65-74 million, they failed to resolve it over a year, while costs continued to increase, and schedule delays became longer and longer.

"Crucially, the contractor provided a final fixed firm price in June 2017, and this was not taken up in the run-up to the election. This decision imposed a real further cost to taxpayers and the Navy, with the contract having to be reopened and renegotiated, causing additional costs to be incurred, and a significant delay to the point at which installation of this essential equipment on the frigates could begin.”

To fund the cost overrun, and consistent with the Coalition’s commitment to fiscal prudence, Cabinet has agreed to reallocate a portion of the money that was provisioned in Budget 2017 for the Littoral Operations Support Capability project. This trade-off will mean that a contemporary, off-the-shelf commercial dive and hydrographic vessel will be procured, rather than a more advanced, specifically designed military vessel.

“While this is a trade-off in capability for Defence, this innovative response means that a dive and hydrographic vessel will be able to be delivered to the Defence Force sooner than the military-specification option,” Mr Mark said.

“It will be significantly more capable than HMNZS Manawanui and HMNZS Resolution, the two vessels it is replacing, particularly in regards to support to underwater search and recovery operations, and in capacity, speed, and versatility in response to domestic and regional natural disasters. This trade-off was made on the advice of Defence officials, as the most appropriate and manageable within the Defence portfolio.”


Setelah Di-"upgrade", Pesawat F-16 Bantuan AS untuk TNI AU Punya Banyak Kelebihan

14 Desember 2017

Pesawat F-16C yang baru datang (photos : Kompas, Antara)

MADIUN, KOMPAS.com – Pesawat tempur jenis F-16 bantuan AS yang dihibahkan ke TNI AU merupakan pesawat bekas pakai. Namun, setelah di-upgrade jadi memiliki banyak kelebihan. Selain jago bertempur jarak dekat, pesawat tempur itu juga jago bertempur jarak jauh.

"Pesawat F-16 dapat mendeteksi sasaran dari jarak dekat maupun jauh. Radar pendeteksi dapat mencari sasaran dari jarak 10 mil hingga 200 mil. Bahkan, tinggi dan besaran sasaran dapat dideteksi," kata Mayor (Pnb) Pandu Eka, salah satu penerbang tempur Lanud Iswahjudi, kepada wartawan, Selasa (12/12/2017).

Menurut Pandu, jangkauan kemampuan radar pesawat tempur F-16 yang sudah di-upgrade bila saat menyerang tidak perlu datang mendekat. Pasalnya, pesawat tempur ini dilengkapi rudal dengan jarak tempuh hingga ratusan mil.

"Pesawat dilengkapi sembilan hard point untuk tempat misil. Pesawat ini dapat bertempur air to air (antar-udara) hingga air to ground (udara ke tanah) dan membawa sembilan ton misil dengan berat take off maksimal 19 ton," ungkap Pandu.

Pandu mengatakan, pesawat tempur jenis F-16 tipe CD yang sudah di-upgrade sudah dilengkapi sistem avionik (perangkat elektronik). Selain itu, memiliki radar pencari sasaran hingga RWR (radar warning receiver) untuk mendeteksi ancaman musuh.

Untuk sistem pertahanan, kata Pandu, pesawat itu dilengkapi radar peringatan musuh. Teknisnya, peringatan langsung menyala jika pesawat terkunci radar musuh sehingga pesawat langsung bisa menghindar.

Pandu mengatakan, pesawat tempur jenis F-16 ini juga dilengkapi sistem chaff untuk mengecoh pendeteksian radar musuh. Dengan demikian, pesawat musuh bisa salah mendeteksi.

"Kalau misil telanjur diluncurkan, masih ada sistem flare atau pengecoh sinyal panas. Lewat sistem ini dapat membelokkan misil pesawat," jelas Pandu.

Komandan Lanud Iswahyudi Marsma TNI Samsul Rizal menyebut total biaya mendatangkan 24 pesawat bantuan AS sebesar 690 juta dollar AS. Biaya itu sudah termasuk untuk upgrade.

"Jadi pesawat ini sebelum dikirim mendapat perbaikan terlebih dulu. Pengiriman bertahap dan ini pengiriman terakhir kali," kata Samsul.

Samsul menjelaskan, hadirnya pesawat tempur bantuan AS menjadikan Lanud Iswahyudi memiliki 10 pesawat tempur F-16 CD dan AB di Skadron 3. Sepuluh pesawat tempur F-16 AB sudah berada di Lanud Iswahyudi sejak 1989 silam. Selain itu, terdapat 16 pesawat T 50 Golden Eagle di Skadron 15.


5 More OPLOT-T Tanks Delivered to Thailand

14 Desember 2017

Arrival of 5 Oplot T main battle tanks (all photos : Thai Defense News)

Unofficial photos On December 10, 2017, five main battle tanks OPLOT-T for the Royal Thai Army which was sent from Ukraine have arrived in Thailand. 

With the five tanks that sent to the Thai authorities, the total of the main battle tanks OPLOT-T received at this time was 36, from 49, still remaining 13.

The last of the 13 tanks already just wait for the official representative of Thailand to check. When the process is complete, Ukraine will deliver the remaining 13 OPLOT-T main battle tanks to the Thai authorities.

(Thai Defense News)